Date Posted: 01/06/2020
During extreme heat, it is easy to dehydrate or overheat the body. In this case, you may develop cramps, fatigue, or even a stroke. Stroke is a medical emergency that can cause permanent damage to the vital organs or even death if not treated immediately. Extreme heat can also worsen existing medical conditions.
The best way to keep cool is to plan and know what to do when the heat comes. The hot climate can affect anyone, including the young and the healthy. However, some people are more susceptible than others.
Taking care of family members during hot days can be a bit stressful if you don’t know what to do or how to go about it. This is especially so if a family member is among the vulnerable category mentioned below.
People most at risk are usually older people who are above 65 years of age. Those who have illnesses such as kidney disease, blood pressure and heart medication (beta-blockers), diabetes, have a disability, pregnant and lactating women, overweight or obese, have difficulty moving, or mental illness.
During extreme heat, whether it’s a hot day or a heatwave, remember to ensure that your family members do these:
Children and Hot Weather
Babies and young children should be closely monitored in hot climates. They can quickly lose body fluids through sweating, which can lead to dehydration. Make sure your kids drink water regularly, wear light clothing, and stay calm. Never leave babies or young children in the car. The temperature inside parked cars can double in minutes.
Active people and hot weather
Heat and sports or physical activity (exercise) can be a dangerous combination. Heat stress occurs when perspiration cannot evaporate quickly enough to keep the body cold enough. You can avoid heat stress during sports by consuming plenty of fluids, taking frequent breaks, and avoiding exercise at the hottest time of the day.
How you can help others
In extreme heat conditions, watch and help others who may be at higher risk for heat-related illnesses:
• Stay in touch with your sick and fragile friends and family.
• Call them at least once on a sweltering day.
• Encourage them to drink lots of water.
• Offer to help family, friends, and neighbours 65 or older or who have an illness by buying or shopping to avoid the heat. Take them to a cool place during the day or ask them to stay overnight if they can’t stay home.
Prepare For Extreme Heat
You can prepare for extreme heat:
Anyone can be affected by the hot climate, and it is essential to be careful whenever temperatures start to rise. A heatwave lasting several days, or even a single day of extreme heat, can cause illnesses such as cramps, exhaustion, and heatstroke.
It is imperative to be aware of the summer weather, especially when there is a risk of heatwaves or days of high UV radiation.